Ruqyah (plural: ruqa) derives from the past-tense verb raqa. It consists of words said or written in the form of dud or Dhikr for the purpose of protection or cure. It is sometimes accompanied with other actions, such as blowing or wiping over the thing to which it is applied. Source Muhammad Al Jibaly Sickness: Regulations & Exhortations
The prophet use to forbid ruqyah then he allowed it for us to use. Jabir Bin ‘Abdillah (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (Peace and Blessing upon Him) prohibited ruqa. Then, some people from the tribe of ‘Umr Bin Hazam came to him and said, “We have a ruqyah that we used to use for scorpion and snake stings; but you have now prohibited using ruqa.” And they showed it to him. He (Peace and Blessing upon Him) said:
‘I do not see anything wrong in it. Anyone among you who can benefit his brother should do so.’ Muslim
Ibn Hajar summarised the condition that need to be meet for ruqyah to be halaal. He said “There is a consensus among the ‘ulama that ruqa are permissible when they satisfy three conditions:
1 – To be with Allah’s words or His names and attributes
2 – To be in Arabic of an intelligible meaning (i.e. Must Be with Clearly Understood Words)
3 – And to believe that they do not have effect by themselves but by Allah (‘Azza wa Jalla).” Fath ul Bari 10/240
Ruqyah can be done with the following:
1. Ruqyah with al-Fatiha
Abu Sa’id al-Khudri and Ibn Abbas (RA) reported that a number of the Prophet’s (Peace and Blessing upon Him) companions were on a journey. They stopped one night by the dwellings of a bedouin tribe who refused to host them and give them food.
The chief of that tribe was then stung (by a snake or scorpion). His people tried everything possible to treat him, but to no avail. One of them suggested to seek help from the travellers. When they came to them, one of them said, “By Allah, I can perform ruqyah; but you have refused to host us. So I would not perform the ruqyah until you pledge to give us an offering.”
They agreed to give them a flock of thirty sheep, and the companion started blowing (with light spit) on the stung man’s sting and reading al-Fatiha. He was immediately cured, like one who was tied and then set free. He stood and walked as if nothing happened to him, and they gave them their pledged offering.
Some of the companions said, “Let us divide this flock among us.” Others said, “No, you may not take any pay for reading Allah’s Book! Let us not divide the goats until we reach the Prophet (Peace and Blessing upon Him), tell him what happened, and see what he commands us.”
When they reached al-Madinah, they came to the Prophet (Peace and Blessing upon Him) and told him what happened. He said (approvingly):
‘How did you know that it (al-Fatiha) is a ruqyah? You have done well! And indeed, the best thing to be paid for is Allah’s Book*. So, divide it among you; and allot a share for me.’ Al-Bukhari, Muslim, and others.
(*One may not be paid for praying or reading Qur’an, because these are acts of worship that should be done purely for Allah (‘Azza wa Jalla). However, it is permissible to be paid a compensation for the time or effort that one sometimes puts into matters associated with these acts of worship in order to serve the Muslim community. For example, a regular imam in a masjid should be compensated for devoting his time to that position, otherwise he would have to work in a profession that would prevent him from fulfilling all of the services needed from him. Furthermore, based on this hadith, some scholars conclude that it is also permissible to be paid for a benefit that reaches others because of one’s reading Qur’an.)
2. Ruqyah with al-Muawwidhat
As explained earlier, al-Muawwidhat are the last three suras of the Qur’an. The last two of them carry a clear meaning of ruqyah, and are presented below. Surat ul-Ikhlas (112) does not carry such meaning in an explicit manner, but contains concise and strong words of praise for Allah (‘Azza wa Jalla), making it an important introduction to the succeeding two suras:
(Say, “I seek refuge with the Lord of daybreak, from the evil of what he created, and from the evil of darkness when it settles, and from the evil of the blowers in knots, and from the evil of an envier when he envies.”) 113
(Say, “I seek refuge with the Lord of the people, the King of the people, the God of the people, from the evil of a retreating whisperer, who whispers (evil) in the breasts of the people, (whether he is) from among jinns or the people.”) 114
‘Aishah (RA) reported:”When Allah’s Messenger (Peace and Blessing upon Him) went to bed, he would bring the palms of both hands together, and blow into them while reading “Qul huwa Allahu ahad” 112, “Qul a’udhu bi rabb il-falaq” 113, “Qul a’udhu bi rabbi n-Nas” 114. He would then rub with them whatever he could reach of his body, starting with his head, face, and the front part of his body. He would do this three times. When he got very ill, he asked me to do that for him.” Al Bukhari and Muslim
‘Aishah (RA) also reported:”In the final sickness in which he passed away, the Prophet (Peace and Blessing upon Him) used to blow over himself with al-Mu’awwidhat. When he became very ill, I blew with them for him, rubbing over him with his own hand because of the blessing in it.” Al Bukhari and Muslim
We can use these suras for scorpion stings like it as been reported in ahadith.
3. Ruqyah with Ayat ul-Kursi
Ubayy Bin Ka’b narrated that he had a harvest of dates. He noticed that it shrunk every day, and decided to watch it at night. He did and noticed a beast that looked like a boy who attained puberty. He gave him salam, and it responded to him with salam.
He asked it, “Are you human or jinn”
It replied, “Jinn.”
He told it, “Show me your hand.”
It showed him its hand, and he saw that it looked like a dog’s, with fur like that of a dog covering it. He exclaimed, “Is this how jinn are like!?” It then told him, “All jinns know that there is no one among them stronger than me.” He asked it, “What brought you here?” It replied, “We have been informed that you like to give charity, so we came to get some of your food.” He asked it, “What would protect us from you?” It replied, “This ayah from Surat ul-Baqarah: (Allahu la ilaha illa huwa Al-Hayy ul-Qayyum,) (2/255) – whoever says it in the
evening will be protected from us until the morning, and whoever says it in the morning will be protected from us until the evening.”
In the morning, Ubayy came to Allah’s Messenger (Peace and Blessing upon Him) and told him of that incident. He told him, ‘The evil one has said the truth!’ Recorded by an-Nasa i and others. Verified to be authentic by al-Albani.
Source Muhammad Al Jibaly Sickness: Regulations & Exhortations
You can do ruqyah your self it is Sunnah, since the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) recited ruqyah for himself, and some of his companions recited ruqyah for themselves or someone can do it for you.
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:…The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) recited ruqyah for himself and for others…Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 1/182
You can ask someone to do ruqyah,The scholars of the Standing Committee for Issuing Fatwas said: Asking others to offer du‘aa’ for one and asking them to perform ruqyah are permissible, but not doing them and doing without people and doing these things for oneself is better. Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 24/261
Also this not the way of the prophet. Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:… he (the prophet) did not ask anyone to recite ruqyah for him…Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 1/182
Plus the one who asks for ruqyah is not included in the seventy thousand who will enter Paradise without being brought to account, Al-Bukhaari (6472) and Muslim (220) narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Seventy thousand of my ummah will enter Paradise without being brought to account; they are the ones who did not ask for ruqyah or believe in omens or use cautery (the burning of part of a body limb to remove or close off a part of it to stop infections) and they put their trust in their Lord.” These people will enter Paradise without being brought to account because of the perfection of their Tawheed, their complete trust in Allah and their independence from people.
The scholars of the Standing Committee for Issuing Fatwas said: What is meant is that they do not ask others to perform ruqyah for them or cauterize them; rather they put their trust in Allah and rely on Him to relieve what they are suffering and to ward off what would harm them and to bring that which would benefit them. Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 24/397