The Sufi Ashari Maturidis argue that the prophet Mohammed was noor from Allah and part human or full noor (light) from Allah however this incorrect. Allah has made it clear in the Quran and in the Sunnah the prophet Mohammed as also made it clear that he was a full man who was human just like the rest of the sons of Adam.
Allah has made it clear that the prophet is like us (he was a full human). Allah said, “Say: I (Mohammed) am a man like you (but) it has been revealed to me that your god is One God.” al-Khaf :110
Also Allah tell the prophet in the Quran to tell the people he is just a man sent to them as messenger of Allah, so they may be more inclined to accepted his message. Allah said, “Say: Glorified be my Lord! Am I (Mohammed) anything but a man, sent as a Messenger”…” Al-Israh 17:93
The state of the prophet in his humanity is the same as that of all the prophets and messengers, he use to eat and die like the other prophets and messengers this was sign of his humanity being the same as the other prophet and messengers. He was not part noor and part human. Allah says, “And We did not create them (the Messengers, with) bodies that ate not food, nor were they immortals” [al-Anbiya’ 21:8] plus Allah said “Their Messengers said to them: We are no more than human beings like you” Ibraaheem 14:11
The Sufi Ashari Maturidis who argue that prophet Mohammed was noor from Allah and part human should know that Allah condemned those who wondered at the humanity of the messenger, as Allah says, “And they say: Why does this Messenger (Muhammad) eat food, and walk about in the markets (as we)…?” al-Furqaan 25:8
Even the kuffaar in the time of the prophet Mohammed knew he was a human as they use to say about the Quran, “this (the Quran) is nothing but the word of (Mohammed) a human being” surah Al Mudassir:25
Another prove that the prophet was a human is that it was essential that human messengers be sent to mankind, so that they would be able to address mankind, and so that mankind would be able to learn from them and understand. If Allah had sent messengers from among the angels to them, that would not have been possible. Allah said, “And nothing prevented men from believing when the guidance came to them, except that they said: ‘Has Allah sent a man (Mohammed) as (his) Messenger?’ al-Furqaan 25:22
Furthermore Allah makes it clear that when he sent his messenger he made sure that they are human like the rest of mankind (human). However Allah makes it clear in his noble book (the Quran) that had mankind been the angels he would have sent an angel to them instead of humans. Allah said, “Say: ‘If there were on the earth, angels walking about in peace and security, we should certainly have sent down for them from the heaven an angel as a Messenger’” al-Israh 17:94- 95
Allah tells that all the messengers from Adam to the prophet Mohammed were human, because those who live on the earth are human, and the mercy and wisdom of Allah dictated that their messengers should be of their own kind. Allah said, “Indeed, Allah conferred a great favour on the believers when He sent among them a Messenger (Muhammad) from among themselves” Aal Imraan 3:164
Authentic Hadeeth Proving The Prophet Was Just A Human
Below are a few authentic hadeeths in which the prophet Mohammed says from his own mouth that he is a human being.
In Saheeh Bukhari it is reported “The Prophet prayed (and the sub-narrator Ibrahim said, “I do not know whether he prayed more or less than usual”), and when he had finished the prayers he was asked, “O Allah’s Apostle! Has there been any change in the prayers?” He said, “What is it?’ The people said, “You have prayed so much and so much.” So the Prophet bent his legs, faced the Qibla and performed two prostrations’ (of Sahu) and finished his prayers with Taslim (by turning his face to right and left saying: “As-Salamu’Alaikum-Warahmat-ullah”). When he turned his face to us he said, “If there had been anything changed in the prayer, surely I would have informed you but I am a human being like you and liable to forget like you. So if I forget remind me and if anyone of you is doubtful about his prayer, he should follow what he thinks to be correct and complete his prayer accordingly and finish it and do two prostrations (of Sahu).”
In Saheeh Bukhari it is reported “The Prophet heard the voices of some people quarreling near his gate, so he went to them and said, “I am only a human being and litigants (people involved in a law dispute) with cases of disputes come to me, and maybe one of them presents his case eloquently in a more convincing and impressive way than the other, and I give my verdict in his favor thinking he is truthful. So if I give a Muslim’s right to another (by mistake), then that (property) is a piece of Fire, which is up to him to take it or leave it.”
In Saheeh Muslim it was reported that “Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) came to Medina and the people had been grafting the trees. He said: What are you doing? They said: We are grafting them, whereupon he said: It may perhaps be good for you if you do not do that, so they abandoned this practice (and the date-palms) began to yield less fruit. They made a mention of it (to the Prophet), whereupon he said: I am a human being, so when I command you about a thing pertaining to religion, do accept it, and when I command you about a thing out of my personal opinion, keep it in mind that I am a human being.”
In Saheeh Muslim it is reported “The prophet Mohammed said “O people, I am a human being. I am about to receive a messenger (the angel of death) from my Lord and I, in response to Allah’s call, (would bid good-bye to you), but I am leaving among you two weighty things: the one being the Book of Allah in which there is right guidance and light, so hold fast to the Book of Allah and adhere to it. He exhorted (us) (to hold fast) to the Book of Allah and then said: The second are the members of my household I remind you (of your duties) to the members of my family.”
Supporting Hadeeth Proving The Prophet Was Just A Human
Below are a few hadeeths that provide further proof for what is mentioned by the prophet in the above authentic hadeeths.
Umm Salama said that the Prophet said, “I am a man and you bring your quarrels to me. Perhaps one of you might know how to argue more eloquently than the other, and so I would decide in his favour according to what I hear.”” Qadi Iyad in As Shifa Vol 2 SECTION 4:The Prophet’s judgements
The prophet used to pray, “O Allah! I am but a man. If I hurt any one in any manner, then forgive me and do not punish me.” Ahmed, Musnad, Vol. 6 pg. 103.
In the hadeeth from Ibn Abbas we find, “I am a man. What I tell you from Allah is true. In what I say from myself, I am but a man. I can err and I can be right.” Recorded in As Shifa of Qadi Iyad Vol 2 SECTION 3:The Prophet’s states with respect to worldly matters
Supporting Athar Of A Sahabi Proving The Prophet Was Just A Human
Below is a authentic athar from a sahabi stating that the prophet Mohammed is a human.
The sahabi Abu Ramtha said, “I thought prophet was not like other people, suddenly I saw him, he was a human.” Musnad Ahmad Hadeeth no: 6934, Zawaid Musnad Ahmad 2/227-228 with an Authentic Chain
In conclusion the Sufi Ashari Maturidis have lied upon the prophet Mohammed and extravagated, his status by claiming he is part human and part noor (light) from Allah or full noor (light) from Allah. They have done this out their pure ignorance of the Quran, Sunnah and athar of the sahaba which (has been documented in this article) all agree that the prophet Mohammed is from the sons of Adam, he is one hundred percent man and human not part or full noor (light) from Allah.