Shaykh Muhammad Bazmool—may Allah preserve him—said: Martyrdom is a great virtue from Allah, and it has conditions and preventers, thus whoever does not fulfill the conditions, and negate the preventers, then he will be forbidden from this virtue and he will not be a martyr!
From the preventers of martyrdom are:
1. Going out to fight without the permission of the Muslim ruler. Allah the Exalted said, “When there comes to them some matter touching (public) safety or fear, they make it known (among the people), if only they had referred it to the Messenger or to those charged with authority among them, the proper investigators would have understood it from them (directly). Had it not been for the Grace and Mercy of Allah upon you, you would have followed Shaytan, save a few of you.” [Soorah An Nisa 4:83]
Therefore as it relates to the great affairs which concern the Ummah—from them being Jihad—the final say belongs to the Muslim ruler; it is not for any and everyone (to have a say in the matter).
The Prophet, said, “Only the Imaam is only a shield who is fought behind.” Collected by Muslim 1841
Ibn Taymiyyah —may Allah have mercy upon him—said, “Jihad is only established by the leader of the affairs of the Muslims.” [Minhaj As Sunnah (6/118)]
Thus the Muslim ruler is the one who calls for Jihad not rogue leaders, or individuals.
2. Fighting those whom it is not permissible to fight.
The Messenger of Allah, said, “Whoever kills a person who is under an agreement or treaty (with the Muslims); he will not smell the fragrance of Paradise, even though its fragrance can be found from the distance of 40 years away.” [Collected by Al Bukhaari 1366]
Allah the Exalted said, “But if they seek your help in religion, it is your duty to help them except against a people with whom you have a treaty of mutual alliance, and Allah is the All-Seer of what you do.” [Soorah Al Anfal 8:72]
Imaam Sa’dee—may Allah have mercy upon him—said in his explanation of the statement of the Exalted, “‘except against a people with whom you have a treaty of mutual alliance’. Meaning an agreement to abandon fighting (against the non-Muslims you have a treaty with); then if the believers, those who did not migrate, desire to fight against the non-Muslims, then do not assist them due to the agreement between you and them.”
3. Fighting beneath the banner of blind partisanship.
The prophet Mohammed, “Whoever fights under the banner of blind partisanship, becomes angry for partisanship, or calls to partisanship or supports partisanship and is killed, then he has died upon Jahiliyyah.” [Collected by Muslim 3446]
4. Fighting in order to achieve martyrdom!
It is not correct for the one who goes out for Jihad to go out with the purpose of seeking martyrdom; rather it is a must that he goes out seeking to elevate the statement of Allah and if he achieves martyrdom this is a virtue from Allah.
Even if he does not achieve martyrdom he returns with the reward and the spoils of war. Some of the people desire to kill themselves but they know suicide is not permissible. Thus he goes out to what he believes is a Jihad and he wants to be killed. And he thinks by this he will achieve the reward of martyrdom and he will become a martyr! Ponder the previous hadith that will explain to you what I am saying:
The Prophet said, “Allah has guaranteed for the one who goes out in His path, and he does not go out except for Jihad in My path, believing in Me, and affirming My Messengers, then it is upon Me a guarantee to enter him into paradise or return him to his residence that he left from, obtaining the reward or the spoils of war.” [Collected by Muslim 3484]
If this (Meaning: Going out with the intent to die and become a martyr) was legislated why didn’t the Prophet do it?
Why didn’t the Companions do it?
Why were we commanded to make preparations?
Why did the Messenger wear armor?
Where is the intent of Jihad to elevate the statement of Allah?
Reflect; if the Islamic army had this resolve then the soldiers would expose themselves to die and they would not achieve elevating the statement of Allah!
Thus it is upon the Muslims to pay attention to this affair, because it is from the subtle affairs of the hearts. And it is from the ways Shaytan can enter and corrupt righteous actions.
5. Fighting without the permission of the parents.
It was reported from Abu Sa’eed—may Allah be pleased with him, “A man migrated to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) from the Yemen. The prophet said, ‘Do you have anyone in the Yemen?’ He said, ‘My parents.’ He said, ‘Did they give you permission?’ He said, ‘No.’ He said, ‘Then go back to them and ask their permission. If they give you permission, then go for Jihad, otherwise honor them.” [Collected by Ahmad (3/75-76)]
I say: Therefore reflect my dear brothers and sisters in Islam, O Muslim youth—those of you who are being encouraged to participate in a so-called “Jihad”; consider the following:
Allah the Exalted said, “So whoever hopes for the Meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord.” [Soorah Al Kahf 18:110]
Imaam Ibn Kathir—may Allah have mercy upon him—said, “Let him work righteousness” means the action must be in accordance with the legislation of Allah. “And associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord.”
This is the action which is performed seeking the Face of Allah only, without partners. These are the two pillars required for the actions to be accepted. It must be done sincerity for the sake of Allah, and it must be in accordance with the legislation of the Messenger of Allah.
Actions in Islam have pillars, conditions, and nullifiers. One cannot hope to reap the rewards of his actions if he does not fulfill the conditions or if he falls into nullifiers which negate the action.
So how about the person who embarks upon an action without knowing its conditions or nullifiers?!
Ref: The book: Jihad – Its conditions, categories and guidelines by Shaykh Muhammad Bazmool
Posted by Abdul Kareem Ibn Ozzie