Often today we find Sufis (and sometimes maybe others) listening to the duff (hand-drum), flute (plus/or other instruments) and singing, and some even getting carried away until they start dancing.
They do this believeing that they show their love of Allah by listening to such music and dancing, while also thinking they are doing such things for the sake of Allah.
Imam Muwaffaq ad-Deen ibn Qudaamah al-Maqdisi (may Allah have mercy on him) spoke about individuals like this.
The Imam said, “The one who does that is mistaken and is lacking in decency.
The one who persists in doing those things is one whose testimony is to be rejected according to sharee‘ah (Islamic Law), and his opinion is not to be accepted. The implication of that is that his narration of hadeeth from the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) is not to be accepted, and neither is his testimony with regard to sighting the new moon of Ramadan or anything pertaining to religious matters.
With regard to him believing that it is based on love of Allah, we say that he could show his love for Allah and obedience towards Him in other ways, and he could show devotion to Allah, may He be glorified, and do righteous deeds in other ways.
But as for this, it is a sin and playing about. It was condemned by Allah, may He be exalted, and His Messenger, and was disliked (regarded as makrooh) by the scholars, who called it an innovation (bid‘ah) and forbade people to do it.
We cannot draw close to Allah, may He be glorified, by doing acts of disobedience to Him, and He cannot be obeyed by doing things that He has forbidden.
The one who commits sin as a means of drawing closer to Him will be met with rejection; the one who takes idle pursuits and playing about as acts of religious devotion is like one who spreads mischief in the land.
The one who seeks to reach Allah, may He be glorified, via a way other than the way and Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him), is far from reaching his goal.” Ref Dhamm ash-Shabbaabah wa’r-Raqs wa’s-Samaa‘ by Ibn Qudaamah, MS (p. 2)
Also Imam al-‘Izz ibn ‘Abd as-Salaam, the great Shaafa‘i faqeeh and scholar of usool (may Allah have mercy on him) spoke about individuals who dance to music and clap along to it (or dance and clap).
The great Imam said, “With regard to dancing and clapping, it is frivolity and silliness like that of females;
No one does such things except one who is a show-off or a liar.
How could anyone regard it as justifiable to dance to the rhythm of the music and become oblivious (of the Quran and Sunnah), when the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said, “The best generations are my generation, then those who come after them, then those who come after them,” and no one among those exemplary generations did such things?
It cannot be imagined that one who fears Allah and understands anything of what it means to venerate Him would dance or clap.
Clapping and dancing only come from one who is foolish and ignorant; they do not come from anyone who is wise and virtuous.” Ref: Qawaa‘id al-Ahkaam fi Masaalih al-Anaam, 2/2349-350, Mu’sasat ar-Rayyaan edn.
Posted by Abdul Kareem Ibn Ozzie