(My Words – Abdul Kareem Ibn Ozzie (after my few words the words of Shaykh Muhammad al-Hamood will follow inshallah –
Sadly in this era some people who claim to have knowledge and those who don’t even claim to have knowledge and know their level as laymen, have started to speak on the continuous different fitnahs in the ummah (newly arisen ones and old continuous ones).
However only the scholars are suppose to talk on these issues due to the seriousness of these affairs, plus the difficulty in understanding them correctly in light of the Quran and Sunnah.
But disappointingly these people fail to keep their mouths shut and keep speaking adding only confusion to already very confusing situations for many and their words only add more fitnah to these matters.
Those who speak on these matters but are not scholars and don’t speak on these affairs with what the scholars have said should understand and take heed of the prophetsall words.
The prophet said, “There will come upon the people years of deceit in which the liar will be believed, the truthful disbelieved, the treacherous will be trusted and the trustworthy held to be treacherous, and the despicable (ar-Ruwaybidah) will speak out.”
It was said: “Who are the despicable (ar-Ruwaybidah)?”
He said: “The lowly, ignoble man who speaks out about public affairs.” Reported by Ahmad, No. 7899, No. 8440; Ibn Majah, No. 4036; it is hasan.
The Prophet said: “Allah does not remove the knowledge after it was given to you, rather the knowledge would be removed with the death of the scholars. Then some people, who are ignorant, will start giving their opinions based on their desires and they are misled and will lead the Ummah astray” Bukhari and Ahmad)
Shaykh Muhammad al-Hamood said, “All praise is for Allaah who, in every age and intervals between the Prophets, raises up a group from the People of Knowledge, who call the misguided to guidance and patiently bearing ill-treatment and harm. With the Book of Allaah they give life to the dead, and by Allaah’s Light they give sight to the blind.
How many a person killed by Iblees have they revived.
How many people astray and wondering have they guided.
How beautiful their effect has been upon the people and how vile people have been towards them.
They expel from the Book of Allaah the alterations of those going beyond bounds, the false claims of the liars and the false interpretations of the ignorant-ones – those who uphold the banner of innovation and who unleash fitnah (trial and discord), who differ about the Book oppose the Book and agree to oppose the Book. Those who speak about Allaah and His Book without knowledge, and who argue about what is ambiguous in the Book, and deceive the ignorant with such ambiguities.
So we seek refuge in Allaah from the fitnahs (trials and discord) of the misguided-ones.”(1)
And I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, alone, having no partner and that Muhammad sallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam is His trustworthy Slave and Messenger. And may Allaah extol and send His blessings of peace upon him, his family and his companions.
FORBIDDANCE OF BEING HASTY AND IMPATIENT
From the very nature of fitnah (trial and discord) is that matters become confused, mistakes increase, and minds and intellects begin to swerve. Protection and safety from this – in such times – lies in the Jamaa’ah; at the head of which are the scholars.
So it is obligatory upon the people – those leading and those being led – to take hold of the sayings of the Scholars and to act upon them. Since the general masses being pre-occupied with issues of fitnah, wherein they begin to express their own opinions, only leads to an increase in the fitnah and further splits the Ummah.
So the umoorul-’aammah (affairs pertaining to public benefit and welfare) – from the matters related to peace, security and fear – should be referred back to those who possess sounds knowledge and understanding, as Allaah – the Most High – has said:
“When there comes to them some matter related to public welfare of security or fear, they make it known amongst the people. If they had referred it back to the Messenger sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, or to those in authority amongst them, then the proper people would have investigated and evaluated the matter from them. Were it not for the Grace and Mercy of Allaah upon you, you would have indeed followed Shaytaan – except for a few of you.” [Soorah an-Nisaa 4:83].
Imaam as-Sa’dee (d.1376H) – rahimahullaah – said:
“This is the disciplinary admonition from Allaah to His Servants with regards to their unbefitting action. And that it is a must for them, that when there comes to them some news concerning important issues – such as issues connected to public welfare and safety of the Believers, or those that are related to breach of security, or fear of a calamity befalling them – that they should first verify such news and not be hasty in spreading it.
Rather, they should refer such issues back to the Messenger sallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, and to the people in authority; those who possess knowledge, understanding, sound advice, intellect, maturity and composure; those who understand the affairs and have knowledge of the associated benefits and harms. If they see that in broadcasting it there is a benefit and a cause of happiness for the Believers, and a means of protection from their enemies, then they should do so.
This is why Allaah said: “Then the proper people would have investigated and evaluated the matter from them.”Meaning: That they would evaluate it with their sound understanding and their firm and correct knowledge.
So in this is an evidence for an important principle which is: If there arises a need to investigate a particular issue, then it is obligatory that it is left to those who are qualified for it, and no one should precede them in this – and this is close to what is correct, and safer from error. And in this is also a prohibition of being hasty and impatient in spreading the news as soon as they hear it.
Likewise there is a command to reflect and consider before speaking, so he looks into it to see if there is a benefit in doing so, if so he embarks upon it, and if not, he abstains from it.”(2)
THE SCHOLARS AND THE AFFAIRS OF THE UMMAH
In the issues of fitnah and other detailed issues, and issues connected to matters of public welfare of the Ummah – such as affairs related to siyaasatush-shar’iyyah (politics of the Sharee’ah), and the wide-spread evils, and their like – people are in need of having sound knowledge and understanding of the maslahah and mafsadah (related benefits and harms). Since these issues, most of the time, are the cause for fitnahs to occur, and they are not like the issues related to purification, Prayer, Hajj and their like; which it is possible for a young student of knowledge – or in some cases, even the layman – to speak about, and to prefer one saying over another. And this is because: “Understanding the objectives and goals of the Sharee’ah (Islaamic Law) is not possible, except by thoroughly studying the texts and studying the detailed workings of the Sharee’ah. Since fiqhul-maqaasid (the science of understanding the objectives and goals of the Sharee’ah) is indeed a great and mighty science which cannot be gained by just anyone.
Rather, it can only be gained by one who has reached a high level of knowledge, has examined the state of affairs and is well acquainted with them, and who has looked into the various possible outcomes that may occur. And weighing between the benefits and harms is dependant upon understanding the Sharee’ah and its objectives, and having understanding of the state of affairs, and the various degrees of benefits and harms.
So none of this is possible, except for the Scholars.”(3)
Imaam an-Nawawee (d.676H) –rahimahullaah – said:
“The one ordering the good or forbidding the evil must be knowledgeable about what is being ordered or prohibited. And the level of knowledge required for this will vary in accordance with what is being ordered or prohibited. This, if it is an issue concerning clear-cut obligations and well known prohibitions – such as Prayer, Fasting, fornication or drinking intoxicants – then every Muslim is a scholar with regards to such issues.
However, if the issue involves detailed matters, or matters connected toijtihaad (the Science of extracting rulings from the Revelation), then the general body of Muslims cannot enter into it, nor is it for them to order or prohibit.
Rather, this is only for the Scholars.“(4)
And the subjects that we have mentioned (i.e. that which is related to affairs of public benefit and interest of the Ummah; such as matters connected to Sharee’ah politics, weighing the affairs, correcting the widespread evil, takfeer (declaring Muslims to be unbelievers) and rebelling against the rulers) are from the most important subjects which have touched the Islaamic awakening in these days, and about which there is plenty of discussion, controversy and argumentation between those Muslim youths who are form in clinging to the Religion and who earnestly desire good.
So these subjects are of an extremely important nature, and likewise, deviating from the correct path with regards to them is extremely dangerous!..”
1. Ar-Radd ‘alal-Jahmiyyah waz-Zanaadiqah(p.2) of Imaam Ahmad ibn Hanbal
2. Tayseerul-Kareemur-Rahmaan (2/54-55). Refer also to Qawaa’id fee Ta’aamul ma’il-’Ulemaa (p.121).
3. Qawaa’id fee Ta’aamul ma’il-’Ulemaa(p.119) of Shaykh ‘Abdur-Rahmaan al-Luwayhiq.
4. Sharh Saheeh Muslim (2/23)
Ref: Al-Furqaan Magazine (no.61/pp.44-46), Al-Istiqaamah,Issue No.5 via AbdurRahman.Org
Posted by Abdul Kareem Ibn Ozzie