Protest And The Right Of The Prophet Mohammed, The Muslim Leaders Right And The Muslim Citizens Right – Shaykh Abdul Maalik Ar-Ramadaani

Shaykh  ‘Abdul-Maalik  ar-Ramadaani said, “The  scholars upon the Sunnah reject  protests  due  to  three  rights: 

1st: The  right  of  the  prophet  sall  Allaahu  ‘alayhi  wa  sallam  being  followed.  Those  who protest  do  so  as  they  are  seeking  their  rights  that  the  leader  is  falling  short  in  giving  them.  If the  prophet  sall  Allaahu  ‘alayhi  wa  sallam  spoke  about  this  circumstance,  he  is  most deserving  to  be  followed,  just  as  he  is  to  be  followed  in  every  order  and  prohibition. If  he  did not  speak  about  it,  it  falls  upon  the  scholars  to  make  ijtihaad  to  give  it  its  correct  ruling. It  has  been  related  on  the  prophet  sall  Allaahu  ‘alayhi  wa  sallam  to  the  level  of  tawaatur that  he  warned  his  ummah  that  there  would  be  leaders  who  would  prevent  them  their rights  and  ordered  them  two  things;  to  make  dua  and  have  patience. As  for  dua,  it  has  been  established  on  the  authority  of  ‘Abdullah  bin  Masood  that  he  said, ‘The  messenger  of  Allaah  sall  Allaahu  ‘alayhi  wa  sallam  said,  ‘Indeed  there  will  be  trials  and matters  you  will  disapprove  of’.  They  asked,  ‘O  messenger  of  Allaah,  what  do  you  order  us to  do?’  He  replied,  ‘Fulfil  the  right  that  is  upon  you  and  ask  Allaah  for  that  which  is  due  to you’. So  he  informed  us  that  those  rulers  would  take  the  rights  of  those  governed  and  order them,  despite  this,  to  fulfil  their  rights  and  seek  their  rights  from  Allaah.  So  where  do demonstrations  stand  from  this  clear  hadeeth? 

As  for  the  order  to  have  patience,  it  is  so  none  ask  ‘until  when  shall  we  be  patient  upon these  oppressors? 

Bukhaari  (3792)  and  Muslim  (1845)  reported  in  their  Saheehs  from  the  hadeeth  of  Usayd  bin Khudayr,  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him,  that  a  man  from  the  Ansar  said,  ‘O  messenger  of Allaah,  will  you  not  make  use  of  me  as  you  have  done  so-and-so?’  He  replied,  ‘You  will  see athara  after  me,  so  be  patient  until  you  meet  me  at  the  Hawd.’ 

​Ibn  Hajr  said  in  al-Fath  (8/52)  ‘i.e.  on  the  Day  of  Standing,  and  in  a  narration  of  az-Zuhree [in  Saheeh  al-Bukhaari  (7441)  from  the  hadeeth  of  Anas,  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him] ‘Until  you  meet  Allaah  and  His  messenger,  for  I will be  at  the  Hawd’  –  i.e. have  patience  until you  die,  for  you  will  find  me  at  the  Hawd  so  you  will  get  reprieve  from  those  who  oppress you  and  abundant  reward  for  your  patience.’   

2nd. The  second  right,  the  right  of  the  leader  in  being  obeyed  in  that  which  is  good  and  leaving off  all  means  by  which  revolt  could  be  made  against  him.  Those  who  gather  against  them  do so  in  order  to  topple  them  and  put  someone  else  in  their  place.   And  the  prophet  sall  Allaahu  ‘alayhi  wa  sallam  made  overthrowing  the  ruler  impermissible, as  long  as  they  are  still  Muslim.  Ubaadah  bin  Saamit  said,  ‘The  messenger  of  Allaah  sall Allahu  ‘alayhi  wa  sallam  called  us  and  we  gave  the  pledge  of  allegiance  to  him  and  from  that which  he  took  from  us  was  that  we  pledged  to  listen  and  obey  in  all  conditions  and  not  to take  the  matter  away  from  its  people’  and  then  said,  ‘except  that  you  see  clear  disbelief  by which  you  have  a  proof  from  Allaah.’  Reported  by  al-Bukhaari  (7055)  and  Muslim  (4799). 

So  if  the  leader  takes  the  people’s  wealth  without  right,  it  is  great  oppression,  but  his  right to  be  listened  to  and  obeyed  in  that  which  is  good  is  not  forfeited,  nor  is  the  order  not  to remove  him. 

3rd. The  third  right, the  right  of  the  citizens  to  be  kept  safe  and,  following  on  from  this,  their blood,  wealth  and  honour  –  protests  ruin  the  peace  of  a  land  and  make  it  under  the imposition  of  those  who  lie  in  wait  and  ignite  the  spark  of  differing  for  all  those  who  differ. 

For  this  reason,  this  is  often  mentioned  connected  to  the  leader,  as  in  the  famous  hadeeth of  Huthayfah  in  the  saheehain  that  the  messenger  of  Allaah  sall  Allaahu  ‘alayhi  wa  sallam said,  ‘You  should  adhere  to  the  body  of  the  Muslims  and  their  imaam.’  And  in  the  hadeeth of  Abu  Hurairah,  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him,  in  the  Saheeh  of  Imaam  Muslim,  that  the messenger  of  Allaah  sall  Allaahu  ‘alayhi  wa  sallam  said  ‘Whosoever  leaves  obedience  [to  the imaam]  and  splinters  away  from  the  body  of  the  Muslims  and  dies,  dies  a  death  of ignorance.’”

Ref: Tahtheeraat  al-Ulamaa  ath-Thiqaat  min  al-Muthaharaat by  Shaykh Ali Hasan Al-Halabi

Posted by Abdul Kareem Ibn Ozzie


About Abdul Kareem Ibn Ozzie

I am a revert trying to spread the sunnah inshallah.
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