Shaykh ‘Abdul-Maalik ar-Ramadaani said, “The scholars upon the Sunnah reject protests due to three rights:
1st: The right of the prophet sall Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam being followed. Those who protest do so as they are seeking their rights that the leader is falling short in giving them. If the prophet sall Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam spoke about this circumstance, he is most deserving to be followed, just as he is to be followed in every order and prohibition. If he did not speak about it, it falls upon the scholars to make ijtihaad to give it its correct ruling. It has been related on the prophet sall Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam to the level of tawaatur that he warned his ummah that there would be leaders who would prevent them their rights and ordered them two things; to make dua and have patience. As for dua, it has been established on the authority of ‘Abdullah bin Masood that he said, ‘The messenger of Allaah sall Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, ‘Indeed there will be trials and matters you will disapprove of’. They asked, ‘O messenger of Allaah, what do you order us to do?’ He replied, ‘Fulfil the right that is upon you and ask Allaah for that which is due to you’. So he informed us that those rulers would take the rights of those governed and order them, despite this, to fulfil their rights and seek their rights from Allaah. So where do demonstrations stand from this clear hadeeth?
As for the order to have patience, it is so none ask ‘until when shall we be patient upon these oppressors?
Bukhaari (3792) and Muslim (1845) reported in their Saheehs from the hadeeth of Usayd bin Khudayr, may Allaah be pleased with him, that a man from the Ansar said, ‘O messenger of Allaah, will you not make use of me as you have done so-and-so?’ He replied, ‘You will see athara after me, so be patient until you meet me at the Hawd.’
Ibn Hajr said in al-Fath (8/52) ‘i.e. on the Day of Standing, and in a narration of az-Zuhree [in Saheeh al-Bukhaari (7441) from the hadeeth of Anas, may Allaah be pleased with him] ‘Until you meet Allaah and His messenger, for I will be at the Hawd’ – i.e. have patience until you die, for you will find me at the Hawd so you will get reprieve from those who oppress you and abundant reward for your patience.’
2nd. The second right, the right of the leader in being obeyed in that which is good and leaving off all means by which revolt could be made against him. Those who gather against them do so in order to topple them and put someone else in their place. And the prophet sall Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam made overthrowing the ruler impermissible, as long as they are still Muslim. Ubaadah bin Saamit said, ‘The messenger of Allaah sall Allahu ‘alayhi wa sallam called us and we gave the pledge of allegiance to him and from that which he took from us was that we pledged to listen and obey in all conditions and not to take the matter away from its people’ and then said, ‘except that you see clear disbelief by which you have a proof from Allaah.’ Reported by al-Bukhaari (7055) and Muslim (4799).
So if the leader takes the people’s wealth without right, it is great oppression, but his right to be listened to and obeyed in that which is good is not forfeited, nor is the order not to remove him.
3rd. The third right, the right of the citizens to be kept safe and, following on from this, their blood, wealth and honour – protests ruin the peace of a land and make it under the imposition of those who lie in wait and ignite the spark of differing for all those who differ.
For this reason, this is often mentioned connected to the leader, as in the famous hadeeth of Huthayfah in the saheehain that the messenger of Allaah sall Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, ‘You should adhere to the body of the Muslims and their imaam.’ And in the hadeeth of Abu Hurairah, may Allaah be pleased with him, in the Saheeh of Imaam Muslim, that the messenger of Allaah sall Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said ‘Whosoever leaves obedience [to the imaam] and splinters away from the body of the Muslims and dies, dies a death of ignorance.’”
Ref: Tahtheeraat al-Ulamaa ath-Thiqaat min al-Muthaharaat by Shaykh Ali Hasan Al-Halabi
Posted by Abdul Kareem Ibn Ozzie